Moravian Instruments G2-8300 MARK II Monochrome CCD Camera with KAF-8300 CCD and 5-pos Filter Wheel

Moravian Instruments G2-8300 Mark II Monochrome CCD Camera with Low Noise, High Quantum Efficiency Kodak KAF-8300 CCD Sensor

with 5-POSITION FILTER WHEEL for 31mm filters
for Narrow-Band ASTROPHOTO Imaging, this is our bestseller CCD camera in this price range; most of the published images were made with these cameras!

Designed and manufactured in Europe!

Sensor: Kodak KAF8300 Monochrome CCD
Aspect Ratio: 4:3
Resolution: 3358 x 2536 pixels
Imaging area: 18.1 mm (H) 13.7 mm (V)
Quantum Efficiency: 55% max
Full well capacity: ~25,000 e--
Pixel Size: 5.4 x 5.4 m
Anti-blooming gate 1000
Dark current: 0.2 e-/s/pixel at 0 C
Interface: USB 2.0 (USB 1.1 compatible)
Cooling: Two-stage Peltier up to -50C
Available on back order. Usual delivery time: appr. 2-4 weeks

MARK II version of this great and very popular camera is now available!

Main features of the MARK II range:

faster download (up to about 2.5x the original)
built-in tilting mechanism
new, modern design with precise mechanical construction
top quality electronics

G2 Mark II Camera Models

The cooled G2 series Mark II CCD cameras were developed for imaging under extremely low-light conditions in astronomy, microscopy and similar areas. Design of this series inherits from earlier G2 Mark I cameras but brings some significant enhancements. G2 cameras employ precise electronics providing uniform frames and extremely low read noise limited only by CCD detector itself. Modular mechanical construction allows various camera variants to be combined with rich set of accessories, including telescope adapters, off-axis guider adapters, internal or external filter wheels, Ethernet adapters, guiding cameras etc.

G2 Mark II Camera General Features

All members of the G2 Mark II series share the same design, making them powerful research and imaging tools:

Top quality electronics:

Lowest possible read noise, limited by CCD detector itself.

Uniform frames without artifacts.

High dynamic range, 16-bits digitization.

Fast image download.

Precise mechanical construction:

Compact camera head, small and lightweight enough to be attached even to small telescopes.

Integrated all-in-one design with USB and power connectors directly on the camera head.

Integrated mechanical shutter not to bother with covering the telescope when taking dark frames.

Optional integrated filter wheel.

Telescope/lens adapters with adjustable tilt.

Efficient and regulated sensor cooling:

CCD cooling up to 50 C below ambient temperature.

Air cooling of the Peltier hot side with high quality magnetic levitating fan.

Cooling regulation +/-0.1 C

Single-voltage power supply enabling operation from 12V battery or brick adapter.

Wide set of optional accessories:

External filter wheels supporting various number of filter positions and filter sizes.

Off-Axis Guider adapter.

Various telescope/lens adapters (T-thread, M48, Canon/Nikon bayonets etc.)

Gigabit Ethernet adapter.

Telescope mount dovetail adapter.

Rich software support:

Drivers for 32bit and 64bit Windows

Drivers for 32bit and 64bit Linux

Drivers for macOS (only certain applications are supported on macOS)

Complete camera/observatory control and scientific image processing system SIPS free with camera

Drivers for 3rd party software packages, including universal ASCOM drivers

No matter if your target is reliable scientific data or beautiful images of deep-sky objects, G2 Mark II cameras are able to provide both.

LIMITING FOCAL RATIO

According to our calculations, the limiting focal ratio of the G2-8300 camera with an external filter wheel is f/5.83 or with a built-in filter wheel it is f/5.

So, for example, if you have an f/5 telescope, you could either go for the version with the built-in 5-position filter wheel if you don't need more than 5 filters, or you could go for the 7 or 10 position external filter wheel that accepts 36mm filters.

If you will use it with a SCT at f/10 or even f/6.3 then you can go for the 8 or 10-position external filter wheel and use them with 31mm filters with this camera without vignetting. (The version with the internal filter wheel would also serve an SCT user well when used with 31mm filters.)

The G2-8300 is HIGHLY RECOMMENDED by the famous UK based astrophotographer, Nik Szymanek.
Read his review of the Moravian G2-8300 CCD camera here: CLICK HERE to open or download a Pdf file.
Courtesy of Astronomy Now Magazine.

Shipping and Packaging
G2 CCD cameras are supplied in a foam-filled, hard carrying case containing:

Camera body with an optional telescope adapter. The standard 2" barrel adapter is included by default. If ordered, the filter wheel is already mounted inside the camera head and filters are threaded into place (if ordered).
A 100-240 V AC input, 12 V DC output brick adapter with 1.8 m long power cable.
5 m long USB A-B cable for connecting camera to host PC.
A CD-ROM or USB Flash Drive with camera drivers, SIPS software package with electronic documentation and PDF version of User's Manual.
A printed copy of camera User's Manual

G2 CCD cameras are shipped in the foam-filled carrying case (left), larger case is used if camera is ordered with external filter wheel (right)

Camera Electronics

16-bit A/D converter with correlated double sampling ensures high dynamic range and CCD chip-limited readout noise. Fast USB interface ensures image download time within seconds.

Maximum length of single USB cable is approx. 5 m. This length can be extended to 10 m or 15 m by using single USB hub or active USB extender cable. Up to 5 hubs or active extenders can be used in one connection.

Gx Camera Ethernet Adapter device allows connection of up to four Gx cameras of any type through Ethernet interface and TCP/IP network. Because TCP/IP protocol can be routed, the distance between camera and host PC can be virtually unlimited.

Camera electronics specifications:
ADC resolution 16 bits
Sampling method Correlated double sampling
Read modes Preview mode
Low Noise mode
Horizontal binning 1 to 4 pixels
Vertical binning 1 to 4 pixels
Sub-frame readout Arbitrary sub-frame
Computer interface USB 2.0 High Speed
USB 1.1 Full Speed compatible

Image download time depends on the CCD chip used in particular camera model. Also the read noise depends on the chip as well as on the read mode.

Preview read mode provides system read noise approx. 1 or 2 e- above CCD chip read noise.

Low Noise read mode is somewhat slower, but ensures system read noise roughly equal to the manufacturer-specified chip read noise.

Model G2-8300

G2-8300 camera uses 8 MPx OnSemi KAF8300 ABG Full Frame CCD detectors with 4/3 format.

KAF-0402ME CCD chip specifications:
Resolution 3358 (H) 2536 (V) pixels
Pixel size 5.4 μm (H) 5.4 μm (V)
Imaging area 18.1 mm (H) 13.7 mm (V)
Full well capacity ~25,000 e--
Anti-blooming gate 1000
Dark current 0.2 e-/s/pixel at 0 C
Dark signal doubling temperature 5.8 C

KAF8300 CCD chip and its Quantum Efficiency:

G2-8300 electronics specifications:
Gain 0.4 e-/ADU (1 1 binning)
0.8 e-/ADU (other binnings)
System read noise 8 e- RMS (Low Noise mode)
9 e- RMS (Preview mode)
Full frame download 4.95 s (Low Noise mode)
3.48 s (Preview mode)
Cooling and power supply

Regulated thermoelectric cooling is capable to cool the CCD chip up to 50 C below ambient temperature. The Peltier hot side is cooled by fan. The CCD chip temperature is regulated with +/-0.1 C precision. High temperature drop and precision regulation ensure very low dark current for long exposures and allow proper image calibration.

The camera head contains two temperature sensors the first sensor measures directly the temperature of the CCD chip package. The second one measures the temperature inside the camera shell.

Back side of the G2 Mark II camera head contains vents for a fan, cooling Peltier hot side

Back side of the G2 Mark II camera head contains vents for a fan, cooling Peltier hot side

The cooling performance depends on the environmental conditions and also on the power supply. If the power supply voltage drops below 12 V, the maximum temperature drop is lower.

Chip cooling specifications:
CCD chip cooling Thermoelectric (Peltier modules)
Maximal cooling Δ T >50 C below ambient
Regulated cooling Δ T 45 C below ambient (85% cooling)
Regulation precision 0.1 C
Hot side cooling Forced air cooling (fan)

Remarks:

Maximum temperature difference between CCD and ambient air may be reached when the cooling runs at 100% power. However, temperature cannot be regulated in such case, camera has no room for keeping the CCD temperature when the ambient temperature rises. Typical temperature drop can be achieved with cooling running at approx. 85% power, which provides enough room for regulation.

Power supply

The 12 V DC power supply enables camera operation from arbitrary power source including batteries, wall adapters etc. Universal 100-240 V AC/50-60 Hz, 60 W brick adapter is supplied with the camera. Although the camera power consumption does not exceed 40 W, the 60 W power supply ensures noise-free operation.

Power supply specification:
Camera power supply 12 V DC
Camera power consumption 15 W without cooling
40 W maximum cooling
Power plug 5.5/2.5 mm, center +
Adapter input voltage 100-240 V AC/50-60 Hz
Adapter output voltage 12 V DC/5 A
Adapter maximum power 60 W

Warning:

The power connector on the camera head uses center-plus pin. Although all modern power supplies use this configuration, always make sure the polarity is correct if other than the supplied power source is used.

Remarks:

Power consumption is measured on the input (AC side) of the supplied power adapter. Camera consumes less energy from 12 V power supply than state here.
The camera contains its own power supplies inside, so it can be powered by unregulated 12 V DC power source the input voltage can be anywhere between 10 and 14 V. However, some parameters (like cooling efficiency) can degrade if the supply drops below 12 V.
G2 camera measures its input voltage and provides it to the control software. Input voltage is displayed in the Cooling tab of the Imaging Camera control tool in the SIPS program. This feature is important especially if you power the camera from batteries.

12 V DC/5 A power supply adapter for G2 camera:

12 V DC/5 A power supply adapter for G2 camera
Mechanical Specifications

Compact and robust camera head measures only 114 114 65 mm (approx. 4.5 4.5 2.6 inches). The head is CNC-machined from high-quality aluminum and black anodized. The head itself contains USB-B (device) connector and 12 V DC power plug. Integrated mechanical shutter allows streak-free image readout, as well as automatic dark frame exposures, which are necessary for unattended, robotic setups.

Camera head with integrated Internal filter wheel is 77.5 mm thick. Filter wheel offers 5 positions for standard 1.25-inch threaded filter cells. A variant of filter wheel with 6 positions for unmounted D26 mm filters is also available.

Mechanical specifications:
Internal mechanical shutter Yes, blade shutter
Shortest exposure time 0.1 s
Longest exposure time Limited by chip saturation only
Internal filter wheel 5 positions for 1.25" threaded filter cells or for D31 mm unmounted filters
6 positions for 1" or D26.5 mm unmounted filters
Head dimensions 114 mm 114 mm 77.5 mm (with internal filter wheel)
114 mm 114 mm 65 mm (without filter wheel)
Back focal distance 33.5 mm (base of adjustable adapters)
Camera head weight 1.00 kg (without filter wheel)
1.15 kg (with internal filter wheel)
1.70 kg (with XS external filter wheel)
1.95 kg (with S external filter wheel)

Remarks:

Filter wheel with 6 positions can cause vignetting (shielding of the detector corners) if large CCD detector is used.
Back focus distance is measured from the sensor to the base on which adjustable adapters are mounted. Various adapters then provide back focal distance specific for the particular adapter type (e.g. M48 threaded adapter back focal distance is 55 mm).
Stated back focal distance already calculates with glass permanently placed in the optical path (e.g. optical window covering the CCD cold chamber).
When the adjustable adapter base, intended for camera with Internal filter wheel, is mounted on camera without filter wheel, the resulting back focal distance is only 21 mm.

Camera with Internal Filter Wheel

G2 Mark II camera head front view dimensions

G2 Mark II camera head front view dimensions

Moravian Instruments G3-16200 MkII CCD Camera with KAF-16200 Class 1 or 2 Sensor

Moravian Instruments G3-16200 Monochrome CCD Camera with Low Noise, High Quantum Efficiency Kodak KAF-16200 Class 1 CCD Sensor and 5-pos Filter Wheel

for SCIENTIFIC and Narrow-Band ASTROPHOTO Imaging with Antiblooming and Electronic Shutter

Sensor: Kodak KAF-16200 Monochrome CCD, Class 1 or Class 2
(Please note, Class 2 sensors are hardly distinguisable from Class 1 cameras and very popular for amateur astro imaging due to the opportunity make a little extra saving, however Class 1 versions are recommended for scientific research or for demanding amateur astronomers.)
Resolution: 4540 x 3640 pixels
Full well capacity: appr 41,000 e-
Dark Current: 0.08 e-/s/pixel at 0 C
Pixel Size: 6 x 6 m
ABG: 2800x
Size of imaging area: 27.2 mm x 21.8 mm
Interface: USB 2.0
Cooling: Two-stage Peltier up to -50C

Available usually on back order.
Usual delivery time is appr. 2-3 weeks.

Shipping and Packaging
G3 CCD cameras are supplied in a foam-filled, hard carrying case containing:

Camera body with a user chosen optional telescope adapter. The standard 2" barrel adapter is included by default. If ordered, the filter wheel is already mounted inside the camera head and filters are threaded into place (if ordered).
A 100-240 V AC input, 12 V DC output brick adapter with 1.8 m long power cable.
5 m long USB A-B cable for connecting camera to host PC.
A CD-ROM or USB Flash Drive with camera drivers, SIPS software package with electronic documentation and PDF version of User's Manual.
A printed copy of camera User's Manual

G3 CCD cameras are shipped in the foam-filled carrying case (left), larger case is used if camera is ordered with external filter wheel (right)

Slightly slimmer variant of the camera head without internal filter wheel is available. The head dimensions are 154 154 65 mm (approx. 6 6 2.5 inches). This variant allows attaching of external filter wheel with 5 or 7 positions for 50 50 mm or D50 mm filters.

Moravian Instruments G4-16000 MARK II CCD Camera with KAF-16803 CCD

Moravian Instruments G4-16000 MARK II Monochrome CCD Camera with LARGE 36x36mm imaging area, 16MPixel Resolution, Low Noise, High Quantum Efficiency Kodak KAF-16803 CCD Sensor for scientific applications, such as astrometry and photometry as well as narrow-band astrophotography with Antiblooming and Electronic Shutter

The large, 9m pixel size makes this camera ideal for large RCs, SCTs, Newtonians and similar telescopes with an aperture of around 10" - 14", but please contact us for further advice. For even larger telescopes, the G4-9000 version would be better suited.

Please note, there is no built in filter wheel in this camera due to the large sensor. We would recommend to buy a 5-position (or larger) external filter that would hold 50x50mm square filters that are necessary for this CCD size to achieve vignetting-free images. 50x50mm square filters from Astrodon, Astronomik, Baader, Chroma or Optolong are also available separately.

Sensor: Kodak KAF-16803 Monochrome CCD
Resolution: 4096 x 4096 pixels
Full well capacity: appr 100,000 e-
Pixel Size: 9 x 9 m
Size of imaging area: 36.9 mm (H) x 36.9 mm (V)
Interface: USB 2.0 (USB 1.1 compatible)
Cooling: Two-stage Peltier up to -50C (plus optinal
Available on back order. Usual delivery time: appr. 2-4 weeks

MARK II version of this great and very popular camera is now available!

Main features of the MARK II range:

faster download (up to about 2.5x the original)
built-in tilting mechanism
new, modern design with precise mechanical construction
top quality electronics

Due to the wide range of variants, available usually on back order.
Usual delivery time is appr. 2-3 weeks.
Available G4 Mark II Camera Models
Model CCD chip ABG Color mask Resolution Pixel size Image area Preview download Low-Noise download
G4-9000 KAF-09000 >100 no 3056 3056 12 12 μm 36.7 36.7 mm 4.17 s 5.77 s
G4-16000 KAF-16803 >100 no 4096 4096 9 9 μm 36.9 36.9 mm 7.19 s 10.03 s

Shipping and Packaging
G4 CCD cameras are supplied in a foam-filled, hard carrying case containing:

Camera body with a user chosen optional telescope adapter. A M68x1 adapter is included by default, a Canon EOS adapter is available separately for extra cost.
A 100-240 V AC input, 12 V DC output brick adapter with 1.8 m long power cable.
A USB Flash Drive with camera drivers, SIPS software package with electronic documentation and PDF version of User's Manual.
5 m long USB A-B cable for connecting camera to host PC.
A printed copy of camera User's Manual

G4 CCD cameras are shipped in a foam-filled carrying case (left), larger case is used if camera is ordered with external filter wheel (right)
Model G4-16000

G4-16000 uses 16 MPx OnSemi KAF-16803 Full-Frame CCD chip.

KAF-16803 CCD specifications:
Resolution 4096 (H) 4096 (V) pixels
Pixel size 9 μm (H) 9 μm (V)
Image area 36.9 mm (H) 36.9 mm (V)
Full well capacity ~100,000 e-
Dark current 3 e-/s/pixel at 25 C
Dark signal doubling temperature 6.3 C

KAF-16803 CCD and its quantum efficiency:

G4-16000 electronics specification:
Gain 1.6 e-/ADU (all binnings)
System read noise 11 e- RMS (Low noise)
12 e- RMS (Preview)
Full frame download 10.03 s (Low noise)
7.19 s (Preview)

Notes:

Binning can be combined independently on both axes.

Stated read noise is measured on particular CCD sensor, evaluated during camera design. Actual read noise of different sensors varies among various manufacturing batches, but also within single manufacturing batch. The camera read noise is determined by the sensor itself and the camera manufacturer cannot affect it.

Cooling and power supply

Regulated thermoelectric cooling is capable to cool the CCD chip from 42 to 47 C below ambient temperature, depending on the camera type. The Peltier hot side is cooled by a fans. The CCD chip temperature is regulated with 0.1 C precision. High temperature drop and precision regulation ensure very low dark current for long exposures and allow proper image calibration.

G4 cameras are available in two variants, differing in the cooling performance:

Standard cooling cameras achieve regulated temperature difference up to 42 C under environment temperature.

Enhanced cooling cameras can regulate temperature up to 47 C under environment temperature. Compared to standard variant, enhanced cooling cameras are somewhat bulkier due to bigger heat sink, slightly heavier and somewhat noisier because of more powerful fans.

Comparison of the G4 Mark II standard cooling camera and enhanced cooling version

The camera head contains two temperature sensors the first sensor measures directly the temperature of the CCD chip package. The second one measures the temperature inside the camera shell.

The cooling performance depends on the environmental conditions and also on the power supply. If the power supply voltage drops below 12 V, the maximum temperature drop is lower.

CCD chip cooling Thermoelectric (Peltier modules)
Standard cooling ΔT 45 C below ambient maximum
42 C below ambient typical
Enhanced cooling ΔT 50 C below ambient maximum
47 C below ambient typical
Regulation precision 0.1 C
Hot side cooling Air cooling (two fans)
Optional liquid coolant heat exchanger

Chip cooling specifications

Remark:

Maximum temperature difference between CCD and ambient air may be reached when the cooling runs at 100% power. However, temperature cannot be regulated in such case, camera has no room for keeping the CCD temperature when the ambient temperature rises. Typical temperature drop can be achieved with cooling running at approx. 85% power, which provides enough room for regulation.

Camera construction does not allow usage of both air and liquid cooling. Combined cooling (air with the liquid cooling option) is not available, because such cooling does not work effectively enough with air only nor with water only.
Power supply

The 12 V DC power supply enables camera operation from arbitrary power source including batteries, wall adapters etc. Universal 100-240 V AC/50-60 Hz, 60 W brick adapter is supplied with the camera. Although the camera power consumption does not exceed 40 W, the 60 W power supply ensures noise-free operation.

Power supply specification:
Camera power supply 12 V DC
Camera power consumption 15 W without cooling
52 W maximum cooling
Power plug 5.5/2.5 mm, center +
Adapter input voltage 100-240 V AC/50-60 Hz
Adapter output voltage 12 V DC/5 A
Adapter maximum power 60 W

Warning:

The power connector on the camera head uses center-plus pin. Although all modern power supplies use this configuration, always make sure the polarity is correct if other than the supplied power source is used.

Remark:

Power consumption is measured on the input (AC side) of the supplied power adapter. Camera consumes less energy from 12 V power supply than state here.

The camera contains its own power supplies inside, so it can be powered by unregulated 12 V DC power source the input voltage can be anywhere between 10 and 14 V. However, some parameters (like cooling efficiency) can degrade if the supply drops below 12 V.

G4 camera measures its input voltage and provides it to the control software. Input voltage is displayed in the Cooling tab of the Imaging Camera control tool in the SIPS program. This feature is important especially if you power the camera from batteries.

12 V DC/5 A power supply adapter for G4 camera

Technical Specs:

Mechanical Specifications

Compact and robust camera head measures only 154 154 65 mm (approx. 6 6 2.6 inches) for the model with standard cooling. Enhanced cooling increases camera depth by 11 mm.

The head is CNC-machined from high-quality aluminum and black anodized. The head itself contains USB-B (device) connector and 12 V DC power plug, no other parts (CPU box, USB interface, etc.), except a brick power supply, are necessary. Another connector allows control of optional external filter wheel. Integrated mechanical shutter allows streak-free image readout, as well as automatic dark frame exposures, which are necessary for unattended, robotic setups.

Mechanical specification:
Internal mechanical shutter Yes, blade shutter
Shortest exposure time 0.2 s
Longest exposure time Limited by chip saturation only
Internal filter wheel no
Head dimensions 154 mm 154 mm 65 mm (standard cooling)
154 mm 154 mm 76 mm (enhanced cooling)
Back focal distance 33.5 mm (base of adjustable adapters)
Standard cooling head weight 1.6 kg (without filter wheel)
2.5 kg (with M external filter wheel)
2.8 kg (with L external filter wheel)
Enhanced cooling head weight 1.8 kg (without filter wheel)
2.7 kg (with M external filter wheel)
3.0 kg (with L external filter wheel)

Remark:

Back focus distance is measured from the sensor to the base on which adjustable adapters are mounted. Various adapters then provide back focal distance specific for the particular adapter type (e.g. Canon EOS bayonet adapter back focal distance is 44 mm).

Stated back focal distance already calculates with glass permanently placed in the optical path (e.g. optical window covering the CCD cold chamber).
Camera without filter wheel

Moravian Instruments G2-8300 Monochrome CCD Camera

The enhanced series of G2-CCD cameras feature highly sensitive, low noise Kodak Full-Frame CCD detectors. High-speed USB 2.0 interface minimizes download time and advanced analogue electronics ensure very low read noise. Efficient two-stage Peltier cooling keeps detectors cold to minimize dark current. Compact and robust camera head integrates all electronics, shutter and optional 5 or 6-positions filter wheel.

The G3 is available as a camera only, with or without an internal 1.25" 5 position filter wheel or internal 6 position filter wheel for unmounted filters.

Alternatively it can be purchased with an external but integrated 8 position 31mm or 1.25" filter wheel, 7 position 36mm filter wheel or 12 position 31mm/1.25"filter wheel and 10 position 36mm filter wheel. There is also an Off Axis Guider Option that delivers total back focus of 55mm with camera and filter wheel.

Number of features of cooled, slow-scan G2CCD cameras with USB 2.0 interface support demanding scientific applications:

Very high sensitivity.
Lowest possible system read noise, limited by CCD chip itself.
High dynamic range (16-bits digitization) and linear response.
Efficient and precisely regulated cooling.
Optional heat exchanger for liquid coolant.
Ability of unattended operation enabled by integrated shutter and filter wheel supporting UBVRI or narrow-band filters.

But G2CCD cameras are also designed with the needs of amateur astronomers in mind:

Compact camera head, small and lightweight enough to be attached even to small telescopes.
Integrated all-in-one design with USB and power connectors directly on the camera head.
Integrated shutter avoiding the need not to cover the telescope when taking dark frames.

Single-voltage power supply enabling operation from 12V battery or brick adapter.
Plug and play installation.
Robust construction to sustain every-day usage.
Rich software support.
But there are some features unique for the G2-8300 model:

Although the KAF8300 CCD detector has Full-Frame architecture, it is equipped with so-called anti-blooming gate (ABG), which protects electron leaks from saturated pixels to neighboring pixels when a bright star appears in the field of view. This makes the G2-8300 camera highly suitable for astro-imaging applications.

The CCD imaging area is somewhat larger that the clear aperture of standard filters in 1.25 inch filter cells. Such filter cells cause vignetting in the image corners. This is why the filter wheel with 6 positions is not offered with G2-8300 and filters for 5 positions filter wheel are not standard 1.25, but larger filters with 31 mm diameter.
31 mm filters do not cause vignetting on the vast majority of optical systems, but they are significantly cheaper and more compact compared to 2 inch filters or filters in M48 threaded cells.

G2 CCD cameras are supplied in a foam-filled, hard carrying case containing:

Camera body with an optional telescope adapter. The standard 2" barrel adapter is included by default. If ordered, the filter wheel is already mounted inside the camera head and filters are threaded into place (if ordered).
A 100-240 V AC input, 12 V DC output brick adapter with 1.8 m long power cable.
5 m long USB A-B cable for connecting camera to host PC.
A CD-ROM or USB Flash Drive with camera drivers, SIPS software package with electronic documentation and PDF version of User's Manual.
A printed copy of camera User's Manual

Technical Specs:

Sensor: Kodak KAF8300 Monochrome CCD
Aspect Ratio: 4:3
Resolution: 3358 x 2536 pixels
Quantum Efficiency: 55% max
Pixel Size: 5.4 x 5.4 m
Interface: USB 2.0 (USB 1.1 compatible)
Cooling: Two-stage Peltier up to -50C

Moravian G3-16200 CCD Camera

The large format CCD cameras of the G3 series are designed for up to 24x36 mm (photographic full-frame format) CCD detectors. G3 series inherits features from the G2 range of cameras camera handling, software control, power supply and connection to the host PC using fast USB interface is the same. Design of both series is very similar and although the G3 camera head is naturally bigger, it contains all mechanics and electronics and offers only power and USB connectors.

As in the case of G2 cameras the G3 head contains the mechanical shutter and integrated filter wheel for five 2-inch filters. Read noise is also limited only by the CCD itself so the G3 series surpasses competing products. Precisely regulated cooling achieves detector temperatures 45C below ambient temperature even if the G3 CCDs are bigger and thermal leakage is naturally higher.

The G3-16200 camera is available in both monochrome and colour versions and with class 1 and 2 sensors.

Like the G2 range the G3 is available with an internal 5 position filter wheel (2" or 50mm unmounted filters) or an external but integrated filter wheel for 7 x 2" or 50mm unmounted filters.

Again like the G2 range there is an integrated Off Axis Guider option. Total back focus distance with OAG is 61.5mm

G3 CCD cameras are supplied in a foam-filled, hard carrying case containing:

Camera body with a user chosen optional telescope adapter. The standard 2" barrel adapter is included by default. If ordered, the filter wheel is already mounted inside the camera head and filters are threaded into place (if ordered).
A 100-240 V AC input, 12 V DC output brick adapter with 1.8 m long power cable.
5 m long USB A-B cable for connecting camera to host PC.
A CD-ROM or USB Flash Drive with camera drivers, SIPS software package with electronic documentation and PDF version of User's Manual.
A printed copy of camera User's Manual

Technical Specs:

Moravian Instruments G3-16200 Monochrome CCD Camera with Low Noise, High Quantum Efficiency Kodak KAF-16200 Class 2 CCD Sensor

for SCIENTIFIC and Narrow-Band ASTROPHOTO Imaging with Antiblooming and Electronic Shutter

Sensor: Kodak KAF-16200 Monochrome CCD, Class 2
(Please note, Class 2 sensors are hardly distinguisable from Class 1 cameras and very popular for amateur astro imaging due to the opportunity make a little extra saving...Class 1 versions are recommended for scientific research)
Resolution: 4540 x 3640 pixels
Full well capacity: appr 41,000 e-
Dark Current: 0.08 e-/s/pixel at 0 C
Pixel Size: 6 x 6 m
ABG: 2800x
Size of imaging area: 27.2 mm x 21.8 mm
Interface: USB 2.0
Cooling: Two-stage Peltier up to -50C

Moravian Instruments G3-11000 Full Format CCD Camera

The large format CCD cameras of the G3 series are designed for up to 24x36 mm (photographic full-frame format) CCD detectors. G3 series inherits features from the G2 range of cameras camera handling, software control, power supply and connection to the host PC using fast USB interface is the same. Design of both series is very similar and although the G3 camera head is naturally bigger, it contains all mechanics and electronics and offers only power and USB connectors.

As in the case of G2 cameras the G3 head contains the mechanical shutter and integrated filter wheel for five 2-inch filters. Read noise is also limited only by the CCD itself so the G3 series surpasses competing products. Precisely regulated cooling achieves detector temperatures 45C below ambient temperature even if the G3 CCDs are bigger and thermal leakage is naturally higher.

The G3-11000 camera is available in both monochrome and colour versions and with class 1 and 2 sensors.

Like the G2 range the G3 is available with an internal 5 position filter wheel (2" or 50mm unmounted filters) or an external but integrated filter wheel for 7 x 2" or 50mm unmounted filters.

Again like the G2 range there is an integrated Off Axis Guider option. Total back focus distance with OAG is 61.5mm

G3 CCD cameras are supplied in a foam-filled, hard carrying case containing:

Camera body with a user chosen optional telescope adapter. The standard 2" barrel adapter is included by default. If ordered, the filter wheel is already mounted inside the camera head and filters are threaded into place (if ordered).
A 100-240 V AC input, 12 V DC output brick adapter with 1.8 m long power cable.
5 m long USB A-B cable for connecting camera to host PC.
A CD-ROM or USB Flash Drive with camera drivers, SIPS software package with electronic documentation and PDF version of User's Manual.
A printed copy of camera User's Manual

Technical Specs:

Sensor: Kodak KAI-11002 Monochrome CCD, Class 2
(Please note, Class 2 sensors are hardly distinguisable from Class 1 cameras and very popular for amateur astro imaging due to the opportunity make a little extra saving...Class 1 versions are recommended for scientific research)
Resolution: 4032 x 2688 pixels
Full well capacity: appr 60,000 e-
Output node capacity: appr 140,000 e-
Pixel Size: 9 x 9 m
Size of imaging area: 36.3 mm (H) x 24.2 mm (V)
Interface: USB 2.0 (USB 1.1 compatible)
Cooling: Two-stage Peltier up to -50C

Moravian G4 CCD Camera

The Moravian large format G4 CCD Camera offers two sensors.

The KAF 16803 Large format sensor - 36x36mm and 9u pixels

The KAF 0900 Large format sensor - 36.9mmx36.9mm and 12u pixels

The obvious choice for most amateur astronomers will be the KAF 16803

There is no internal filter wheel ption but a bolt on integrated 7 position 50mm x 50mm Filter Wheel and Off Axis Guider is offered.

The G4 camera dimensions are the same as the G3 series, with the exception of the camera head thickness G4 cameras are somewhat slimmer, because they do not contain an internal filter wheel. Also camera handling, software control, power supply and connection to the host PC using fast USB 2.0 interface is the same as the G3 cameras.

The filter wheel takes 50 50 mm square filters (round filters of 50 mm diameter cause vignetting on such a large CCD chip) and cannot be placed inside the camera head due to limited space. But it is possible to connect external filter wheel for 7 large filters to the G4 camera, the camera head already contains connector for external filter wheel control.

Shipping and Packaging
G4 CCD cameras are supplied in a foam-filled, hard carrying case containing:

Camera body with a user chosen optional telescope adapter. A M68x1 adapter is included by default, a Canon EOS adapter is available separately for extra cost.
A 100-240 V AC input, 12 V DC output brick adapter with 1.8 m long power cable.
A CD-ROM or USB Flash Drive with camera drivers, SIPS software package with electronic documentation and PDF version of User's Manual.
5 m long USB A-B cable for connecting camera to host PC.
A printed copy of camera User's Manual

Technical Specs:

Sensor: Kodak KAF-16803 Monochrome CCD
Resolution: 4096 x 4096 pixels
Full well capacity: appr 100,000 e-
Pixel Size: 9 x 9 m
Size of imaging area: 36.9 mm (H) x 36.9 mm (V)
Interface: USB 2.0 (USB 1.1 compatible)
Cooling: Two-stage Peltier up to -50C (plus optional enhanced cooling package

Sensor: Kodak KAF-09000 Monochrome CCD
Resolution: 3072 x 3072 pixels
Full well capacity: appr 110,000 e-
Pixel Size: 12 x 12 m
Size of imaging area: 36.9 mm (H) x 36.9 mm (V)
Interface: USB 2.0 (USB 1.1 compatible)
Cooling: Two-stage Peltier up to -50C (plus optional enhanced coolng package

£349.00

Altair Hypercam IMX224 USB3.0 Colour Guide / Imaging Camera

The Altair Hypercam IMX224 camera has the sought-after Sony IMX224 CMOS sensor, with extremely low read noise and 2mp resolution.

The IMX224 sensor is particularily desirable for planetary imaging and microscopy where high frame rates, low light colour fidelity and small pixel sizes are required.

The Altair Hypercam IMX224 can be used for solar, planetary and lunar lucky imaging, long exposure deepsky imaging, and of course video astronomy with the live stacking features in AltairCapture and Sharpcap. (Firecapture is also supported - now in Beta release). Time-lapse all-sky imaging is fully supported in the free Altair Capture Software

and the camera can be used with an optional CS-Mount lens to hunt for meteors or aurora.

Speed and reliability in one camera: USB3.0 and on-board memory buffering give much faster transfer speeds than the GPCAM USB2.0 series, pushing the USB3.0 format to the limit, yet within a stable envelope. Memory buffering almost completely eliminates dropped frames and corrupted video files, a common problem with USB cameras, and enables faster more consistent frame rates, even with less powerful notebook computers. Consistency and stability is improved for video capture sequences - especially desirable for scientific applications.

QUALITY software and drivers included: Unlike cheaper cameras, Altair Astro has spent considerable time developing the extensively featured and intuitive AltairCapture software, which can be downloaded from Cameras.Altair.com

AltairCapture is a stable 64 bit Windows application which allows full control of the camera in high speed video or still mode. It includes extensive automation features and supports all the major file formats useful for astro imaging and professional scientific imaging. Furthermore, the popular PHD Guiding, SharpCap and Firecapture are also natively supported. ASCOM drivers are also available for download at cameras.altairastro.com where you can also get regular driver updates. The installation process is very simple, and unlike with cheaper cameras, there is no need to waste time tweaking .DLL files to make your camera perform as expected.

Wide compatibility: Although the Hypercam is a USB3.0 camera, it is also fully compatible with USB2.0 ports when a longer cable and less speed are required, for example in deepsky or video astronomy using the live stacking features in AltairCapture or Sharpcap. Windows 7 to Windows 10 software is widely supported by AltairCapture in 64bit mode (see technical info for details).

Autoguiding: The camera has an ST4 auto-guiding port, and can be used to auto-guide with mounts from all the major manufacturers supporting ST4 format, including iOptron, Celestron and Skywatcher. The IMX224 is more than sensitive enough for autoguiding.

Fan cooling: The Hypercam is cooled with and internal low vibration fan. The fan can be switched on or off and the speed controlled in AltairCapture and SharpCap. Cool air is drawn in through the vents at the side of the casing, over a large internal heat-sink. The heat-sink is connected directly with the sensor board just like a computer CPU. The free flow of air through the casing cools not only the sensor, but all the internal electronics boards. Cooling is especially desirable for long exposure imaging to reduce thermal noise. Some camera casings get uncomfortably hot during a solar imaging session, and the sensor can reach around 60 or even 70 degrees. This can cause the electronics to become glitchy and unreliable. The Hypercam is designed for consistent, reliable solar imaging with a solar filter and diagonal or Hershel Wedge. With the fan running, the Hypercam casing will always remain cool.

Support & warranty: Altair delivers proper on-shore English-speaking UK/EU support with a 2 year manufacturer warranty against defects in materials and workmanship.

New users should visit Altair Camera User Google Group
where you can get answers to technical questions. The group is also a great place to share tips and techniques, to get the best out of your camera. The AltairCapture software interface supports most European languages including English, German, French, Indonesian, Japanese, Korean, Polish, Russian, Chinese, Spanish, Thai, and Turkish.

File formats: The camera can be fully controlled in AltairCapture and SharpCap to output uncompressed .AVI and .SER video files for solar system imaging, as well as all common still image formats such as .JPEG .PNG .TIFF .BMP, and .FITS (for deepsky imaging) to mention just a few. The Hypercam supports 8bit or 12bit output. The 12 bit output mode can be used for deep sky imaging with less frames needing to be stacked and a wider pixel intensity range. The IMX224 sensor is extremely sensitive and a good candidate for video astronomy, especially with small refractors.

Technical Specs:

Whats different about the Hypercam platform compared to the GPCAM platform? Youll notice the Hypercam has a larger casing than the GPCAM and GPCAM2. This is to house larger electronics boards which support trigger mode and frame buffering, the additional electronics for USb3.0 support, and to house the fan-cooled large heat-sink.

The Hypercam platform: The Hypercam platform supports Trigger Mode to make long exposures of over 5 seconds easier to control. With most cameras, in normal video mode, you have to wait for an exposure to complete before the camera will accept, say a command to abort the frame, for say clouds, aircraft, or an alignment issue, like kicking the tripod and so-on, or for routine changes in gain, exposure time, , re-aligning or refocusing on the object. For long exposures, normal video mode is inconvenient, especially for video astronomy and deep-sky imaging, however in Trigger mode, you can stop the camera instantly (even if you are half way through a long 30 second exposure) change the settings, and re-start the camera looping again. The Hypercam also has an improved on-board frame buffer to improve data transfer stability at high frame rates (to reduce dropped frames) and to increase compatibility with a wider range of PCs. The improved buffers give a more consistent data transfer rate over USB2.0 and USB3.0 buses on laptops and desktop PCs.

Included in the box:
Camera body with internal cooling fan, heat-sink, and front female M42x0.75mm T-Thread interface.
1.8m High-speed USB3.0 cable.
1.5m ST4 guide cable.
1.25 inch x nosepiece with female 1.25" filter thread on the front. (an optional 2" OD Nosepiece is available)
CS-Mount insert (12.5mm back-focus) is pre-installed on camera. (Optional 5mm extension adapter available for C-Mount lenses requiring 17.5mm back-focus.)
Camera casing with M42 thread (12.5mm backfocus).
Built-in UV-IR Blocking Filter, AR coatings. (Removable for sensor cleaning).
Plastic dust cap 1.25".
Silicon dust cap for sensor.
Allen key for removing the C-Thread insert.
Note: This camera does not come with software in the box. To operate the camera you will need to download the latest camera drivers at cameras.altairastro.com

Sensor & performance specifications:
ALTAIRGP224C: SONY Exmor IMX224 Colour CMOS sensor
Sensor Size: 1/3" diagonal 6.09mm
Exposure duration shortest/longest:
Video mode: 0.105ms (0.000105 secs) / 5000ms (5 seconds) (Video Mode)
Trigger mode: 0.105 ms (0.000105 secs) / 1000 secs (16.66mins) (Trigger Mode)
Bit depth: 8bit & 12bit modes switchable
Pixel size microns: 3.75x3.75 um
Resolution in pixels: 1280x960
Recording System: Still Image & Video
Region Of Interest (ROI): Supported
Approx. Max frame rates (assuming computer Bus and Hard Drive operating at full bandwidth)*:
8 bit mode:
1280x960 - 120fps
640x480 - 232fps (ROI mode)
320x240 - 432fps (ROI mode)
12 bit mode - approx 50% of above.
* Based on average user reports. May be revised as we get more data. The shorter the exposure duration, the faster the frame rate. An expensive PC does not guarantee a fast frame rate because bus and motherboard architecture vary.
Gain Sensitivity: 2350mv
Readout: Progressive Scan
Shutter: Electronic Rolling Shutter
Read noise: TBC, not provided by sensor manufacturer.

Software & OS support:
Drivers & AltairCapture software download (Windows only): cameras.altairastro.com (opens new window).
Driver support: PHD2, AltairCapture, SharpCap, (Windows DirectShow)
AltairCapture OS support: Win XP 32bit / Vista/ 7/ 8/ 10 (32 & 64 bit)
SharpCap (a 3rd party application) is also fully supported and tested with native drivers.
Firecapture (a 3rd party application) is being tested with native drivers, see latest release.
USB Port & Cable: 3.0 USB Cable, 1.8m cable
ST4 Port & Cable: Standard ST4 Opto-Isolated, 1.5m cable, iOptron, Celestron, Skywatcher SynScan GOTO.

Camera Format:
Cooling: High Performance Electronic Fan-cooling System with Heat-sink
Camera body length: 80 mm
Weight grams: 320 g (camera net weight)
Optical window can be removed:
Mono Camera: AR-coated clear protect window 350-1050nm wavelength transmission
Colour Camera: AR-coated UV/IR blocking filter 400-700nm wavelength Transmission

Back-focus & Adapter compatibility:
Optical Window is removable for cleaning.
Camera body: OD 65mm
Camera body thread: M42x0.75 T2 Thread to CS -Mount insert allows direct attachment of CS-Mount lens (or C-Mount lens with optional 5mm extension).
C-mount lens adapter 5mm extension: Optional
C-mount lens compatibility: C-Mount male threaded lens with 17.5mm back-focus (or flange-distance) requirement.
CS-mount lens compatibility: C-Mount male threaded lens with 12.5mm back-focus (or flange-distance) requirement.
Astro filter thread adapter: Included, 1.25" OD and 2 OD (optional), Female thread
Sensor surface distance from flat end of CS-mount adapter: 12.5 mm
Sensor surface distance from flat end of 1.25" / M42 Astro adapter: 37 mm

Operating environment conditions:
Power consumption: 0.905 W (standby);
1.68 W (running with Fan off);
2.525 (running with Fan on);
Max operating temp: 50 C
Lowest operating temp: -10 C
Max operating humidity: 80 % RH
Power source in Volts: 5V DC (via USB cable)

Windows PC Hardware Requirements:
Minimum CPU: Equal to Intel Core2 2.8GHz or Higher
Minimum Memory: 2GB or More
USB port: USB2.0 High-speed Port or USB3.0 High-speed Port
Monitor Display: 17" or Larger
Software delivery: Downloaded online and saved to hard drive.

Packaging:
Protective silicon rubber end-cap for camera CS-thread.
Plastic end cap for 1.25" nosepiece.
Padded cardboard storage box with durable foam inserts

Optional Accessories:
2 inch x 22mm nosepiece with 2 filter thread.
C-Mount 5mm extension adapter for C-Mount lenses requiring 17.5mm back-focus.
Clear AR coated optical window;

Software delivery: Downloaded online at cameras.altairastro.com and saved to hard drive.
Quick Start & AltairCapture instructions: Downloaded online at cameras.altairastro.com and saved to hard drive.

Warranty: 2 years manufacturer warranty against defects in materials and workmanship. Return to point of purchase.

* Read noise is rumoured to be 1.5e- or even less, but unconfirmed at time of writing.

Optional Accessories:
Altair Astro Premium 1.25" CLS-CCD Filter with UV/IR Block & AR Coating (Code: F125CLSCCD) for imaging emission nebulae in light polluted urban environments.
Optional 2" nosepiece with filter thread and straight sides to maintain collimation.

£649.00

Altair Hypercam IMX174 USB3.0 Mono Guide / Imaging Camera

The Altair Hypercam IMX174 camera has the sought-after Sony Pregius Global Shutter IMX174 CMOS sensor, with extremely low read noise and 2.3mp resolution.

The IMX174 sensor is particularily desirable for solar and high resolution planetary imaging at long focal lengths, where high frame rates, and high dynamic range are required to get the most detail in post processing.

Hypercam IMX174 imaging applications: The IMX174 sensor is a very good match for the Daystar Quark and Altair Astro refractor combinations because the large pixel size, global shutter, low read noise and wide dynamic range allow prominences and surface detail to be captured in the same frame, without having to over-expose the image and lose detail. Images sharpen up very well because there is no fixed pattern noise with this sensor. The Hypercam IMX174 camera has been developed with solar imaging in mind, and works best with 100mm plus refractors and the Daystar Quark operating at around 3000mm focal length or more. It really comes into it's own with larger refractors.

o sum it up, the most desirable features of the IMX174 sensor are:

- Large format 1/2" sensor
- Peak quantum efficiency of 78%
- Global shutter eliminates motion distortion inherent in rolling shutter sensors, as well as CCD-smearing.
- Fixed pattern noise (common with global shutter CMOS cameras) is eliminated
- Low read noise 6 electrons (e-)
- Saturation (full well) capacity 32,000 electrons (e-)
- Dynamic range 73 dB

Video astronomy and long exposure deepsky imaging: Although the Hypercam IMX174 is considered the best tool for long focal length solar system imaging, it is also quite capable of long exposures, and will deliver very good results for deepsky imaging and video astronomy (or EAA) using the Live Stacking features in the
free Altair Capture Software

or SharpCap. (Firecapture is also supported - now in Beta release). Time-lapse all-sky imaging and video is fully supported, and the camera can be used with a CS-Mount lens to hunt for meteors or aurora.

Speed and reliability in one camera: USB3.0 and on-board memory buffering give much faster transfer speeds than the GPCAM USB2.0 series, pushing the USB3.0 format to the limit, yet within a stable envelope. Memory buffering almost completely eliminates dropped frames and corrupted video files, a common problem with USB cameras, and enables faster more consistent frame rates, even with less powerful notebook computers. Consistency and stability is improved for video capture sequences - especially desirable for scientific applications.

QUALITY software and drivers included: Unlike cheaper cameras, Altair Astro has spent considerable time developing the extensively featured and intuitive AltairCapture software, which can be downloaded from Cameras.Altair.Com

AltairCapture is a stable 64 bit Windows application, which allows full control of the camera in high speed video or still mode. It includes extensive automation features, and supports all the major file formats useful for astro imaging and professional scientific imaging in 16bit, 12bit or 8bit mode. Furthermore, the popular PHD Guiding, SharpCap and Firecapture are also natively supported. ASCOM drivers are also available for download at cameras.altairastro.com where you can also get regular driver updates. The installation process is very simple, and unlike with cheaper cameras, there is no need to waste time tweaking .DLL files to make your camera perform as expected.

Wide compatibility: Although the Hypercam is a USB3.0 camera, it is also fully compatible with USB2.0 ports when a longer cable and less speed are required, for example in deepsky or video astronomy using the live stacking features in AltairCapture or Sharpcap. Windows 7 to Windows 10 software is widely supported by AltairCapture in 64bit mode (see technical info for details).

Autoguiding: The camera has an ST4 auto-guiding port, and can be used to auto-guide with mounts from all the major manufacturers supporting ST4 format, including iOptron, Celestron and Skywatcher. The IMX224 is more than sensitive enough for autoguiding.

Fan cooling: The Hypercam is cooled with and internal low vibration fan. The fan can be switched on or off and the speed controlled in AltairCapture and SharpCap. Cool air is drawn in through the vents at the side of the casing, over a large internal heat-sink. The heat-sink is connected directly with the sensor board just like a computer CPU. The free flow of air through the casing cools not only the sensor, but all the internal electronics boards. Cooling is especially desirable for long exposure imaging to reduce thermal noise. Some camera casings get uncomfortably hot during a solar imaging session, and the sensor can reach around 60 or even 70 degrees. This can cause the electronics to become glitchy and unreliable. The Hypercam is designed for consistent, reliable solar imaging with a solar filter and diagonal or Hershel Wedge. With the fan running, the Hypercam casing will always remain cool.

Support & warranty: Altair delivers proper on-shore English-speaking UK/EU support with a 2 year manufacturer warranty against defects in materials and workmanship. New users should visit Altair Camera Google User Group acturer warranty against defects in materials and workmanship. New users should visit Altair Camera Google User Group where you can get answers to technical questions. The group is also a great place to share tips and techniques, to get the best out of your camera. The AltairCapture software interface supports most European languages including English, German, French, Indonesian, Japanese, Korean, Polish, Russian, Chinese, Spanish, Thai, and Turkish.

File formats: The camera can be fully controlled in AltairCapture and SharpCap to output uncompressed .AVI and .SER video files for solar system imaging, as well as all common still image formats such as .JPEG .PNG .TIFF .BMP, and .FITS (for deepsky imaging) to mention just a few. The Hypercam supports 8bit or 12bit output. The 12 bit output mode can be used for deep sky imaging with less frames needing to be stacked and a wider pixel intensity range. The IMX224 sensor is extremely sensitive and a good candidate for video astronomy, especially with small refractors.

hats different about the Hypercam platform compared to the GPCAM platform? Youll notice the Hypercam has a larger casing than the GPCAM and GPCAM2. This is to house larger electronics boards which support trigger mode and frame buffering, the additional electronics for USb3.0 support, and to house the fan-cooled large heat-sink.

The Hypercam platform: The Hypercam platform supports Trigger Mode to make long exposures of over 5 seconds easier to control. With most cameras, in normal video mode, you have to wait for an exposure to complete before the camera will accept, say a command to abort the frame, for say clouds, aircraft, or an alignment issue, like kicking the tripod and so-on, or for routine changes in gain, exposure time, , re-aligning or refocusing on the object. For long exposures, normal video mode is inconvenient, especially for video astronomy and deep-sky imaging, however in Trigger mode, you can stop the camera instantly (even if you are half way through a long 30 second exposure) change the settings, and re-start the camera looping again. The Hypercam also has an improved on-board frame buffer to improve data transfer stability at high frame rates (to reduce dropped frames) and to increase compatibility with a wider range of PCs. The improved buffers give a more consistent data transfer rate over USB2.0 and USB3.0 buses on laptops and desktop PCs.

Included in the box:
Camera body with internal cooling fan, heat-sink, and front female M42x0.75mm T-Thread interface.
1.8m High-speed USB3.0 cable.
1.5m ST4 guide cable.
1.25 inch x nosepiece with female 1.25" filter thread on the front. (an optional 2" OD Nosepiece is available)
CS-Mount insert (12.5mm back-focus) is pre-installed on camera. (Optional 5mm extension adapter available for C-Mount lenses requiring 17.5mm back-focus.)
Camera casing with M42 thread (12.5mm backfocus).
Built-in UV-IR Blocking Filter, AR coatings. (Removable for sensor cleaning).
Plastic dust cap 1.25".
Silicon dust cap for sensor.
Allen key for removing the C-Thread insert.
Note: This camera does not come with software in the box. To operate the camera you will need to download the latest camera drivers at cameras.altairastro.com

Technical Specs:

Sensor & performance specifications:
ALTAIRH174M: SONY Exmor IMX174 Mono CMOS sensor
Sensor Size: 1/1.2" diagonal (13.4mm)
Exposure duration shortest/longest: 0.025 ms (0.000025 secs) / 5 secs (Video Mode)
0.025 ms (0.000025 secs) / 1000 secs (16.66mins) (Trigger Mode)
Bit depth: 8bit & 12bit mode switchable
Pixel size microns: 5.86x5.86 um
Resolution in pixels: 1920x1200
Recording System: Still Picture and Video
Region of Interest (ROI) support: Available
Approx. Max frame rates* (assuming computer Bus operating at full bandwidth):
8bit mode:
1920x1200 128FPS
640x480 286-300+ FPS ROI
320x240 514FPS ROI
12bit mode:
Approx. 50% of above
* Based on average user reports. May be revised as we get more data. The shorter the exposure duration, the faster the frame rate. An expensive PC does not guarantee a fast frame rate because bus and motherboard architecture vary.

Sensor QE / Quantum Efficiency: 78% Peak
Gain Sensitivity: 1016mv;
Dynamic Range: 73db;
Read Noise: 6e-
Readout: Electronic Global Shutter

Software & OS support:
Drivers & AltairCapture software download (Windows only): cameras.altairastro.com (opens new window).
Driver support: PHD2, AltairCapture, SharpCap, (Windows DirectShow)
AltairCapture OS support: Win XP 32bit / Vista/ 7/ 8/ 10 (32 & 64 bit)
SharpCap (a 3rd party application) is also fully supported and tested with native drivers.
Firecapture (a 3rd party application) is being tested with native drivers, see latest release.
USB Port & Cable: 3.0 USB Cable, 1.8m cable
ST4 Port & Cable: Standard ST4 Opto-Isolated, 1.5m cable, iOptron, Celestron, Skywatcher SynScan GOTO.

Camera Format:
Cooling: High Performance Electronic Fan-cooling System with Heat-sink
Camera body length: 80 mm
Weight grams: 320 g (camera net weight)
Optical window can be removed:
Mono Camera: AR-coated clear protect window 350-1050nm wavelength transmission
Colour Camera: AR-coated UV/IR blocking filter 400-700nm wavelength Transmission

Back-focus & Adapter compatibility:
Optical Window is removable for cleaning.
Camera body: OD 65mm
Camera body thread: M42x0.75 T2 Thread to CS -Mount insert allows direct attachment of CS-Mount lens (or C-Mount lens with optional 5mm extension).
C-mount lens adapter 5mm extension: Optional
C-mount lens compatibility: C-Mount male threaded lens with 17.5mm back-focus (or flange-distance) requirement.
CS-mount lens compatibility: C-Mount male threaded lens with 12.5mm back-focus (or flange-distance) requirement.
Astro filter thread adapter: Included, 1.25" OD and 2 OD (optional), Female thread
Sensor surface distance from flat end of CS-mount adapter: 12.5 mm
Sensor surface distance from flat end of 1.25" / M42 Astro adapter: 37 mm

Operating environment conditions:
Power consumption: 0.905 W (standby);
1.68 W (running with Fan off);
2.525 (running with Fan on);
Max operating temp: 50 C
Lowest operating temp: -10 C
Max operating humidity: 80 % RH
Power source in Volts: 5V DC (via USB cable)

Windows PC Hardware Requirements:
Minimum CPU: Equal to Intel Core2 2.8GHz or Higher
Minimum Memory: 2GB or More
USB port: USB2.0 High-speed Port or USB3.0 High-speed Port
Monitor Display: 17" or Larger
Software delivery: Downloaded online and saved to hard drive.

Packaging:
Protective silicon rubber end-cap for camera CS-thread.
Plastic end cap for 1.25" nosepiece.
Padded cardboard storage box with durable foam inserts

Optional Accessories:
2 inch x 22mm nosepiece with 2 filter thread.
C-Mount 5mm extension adapter for C-Mount lenses requiring 17.5mm back-focus.
Clear AR coated optical window;

Software delivery: Downloaded online at cameras.altairastro.com and saved to hard drive.
Quick Start & AltairCapture instructions: Downloaded online at cameras.altairastro.com and saved to hard drive.

Warranty: 2 years manufacturer warranty against defects in materials and workmanship. Return to point of purchase.

£395.00

Altair Hypercam IMX178 USB3.0 Colour EAA Imaging & Guide Camera

The Altair Hypercam IMX178 Colour camera has the sought-after Sony IMX178 Colour CMOS sensor, with extremely low read noise, wide dynamic range, and 6.3mp resolution.

The Hypercam IMX178 sensor is particularily attractive for Electronically Assisted Astronomy / Video Astronomy because of it's high 6.3 Megapixel resolution and high sensitivity thanks to Sony STARVIS back-illumination technology.

Deepsky astro-photography is also possible with the IMX178 sensor because it has very low amp glow, in fact, the lowest of any CMOS sensor in this price range we have developed so far. Amp glow is further suppressed by switching off all non-essential circuitry during longer exposures in "Trigger Mode".

The Hypercam IMX178 is also capable of solar. lunar, or planetary imaging (video capture) and is especially useful with refractors of less than 3 metre focal length, where small pixels (only 2.4x2.4um), high frame rates (up to 51fps at full resolution), and high dynamic range are required to get the most detail in post processing. The ROI (Region of Interest) feature can be used for high frame rates when imaging the planets at high mangification.

To sum it up, the most desirable features of the IMX178 sensor are:

- Large format 1/1.8" sensor 7.37 x 4.92mm
- SONY STARVIS and Exmor R Technology with a sensitivity of 2000 mV or more per 1m
- Low read noise, approx. 2.2e electrons (e-).
- Saturation (full well) capacity approx. 19,200 electrons (e-)
- High Dynamic Range with 14 bit ADC for high image quality in both light and dark (high contrast) areas.

Video astronomy and long exposure deepsky imaging: Hypercam IMX178 deliveres great results for for both deepsky imaging and video astronomy (or EAA) using the Live Stacking features in the
free Altair Capture Software or SharpCap. (Firecapture is also supported - now in Beta release). Time-lapse all-sky imaging and video is fully supported, and the camera can be used with a DSLR lens to image large areas of sky.

Speed and reliability in one camera: USB3.0 and on-board memory buffering give much faster transfer speeds than the GPCAM USB2.0 series, pushing the USB3.0 format to the limit, yet within a stable envelope. Memory buffering almost completely eliminates dropped frames and corrupted video files, a common problem with USB cameras, and enables faster more consistent frame rates, even with less powerful notebook computers. Consistency and stability is improved for video capture sequences - especially desirable for scientific applications.

QUALITY software and drivers included: Unlike cheaper cameras, Altair Astro has spent considerable time developing the extensively featured and intuitive AltairCapture software, which can be downloaded from THIS LINK AltairCapture is a stable 64 bit Windows application, which allows full control of the camera in high speed video or still mode. It includes extensive automation features, and supports all the major file formats useful for astro imaging and professional scientific imaging in 16bit, 12bit or 8bit mode. Furthermore, the popular PHD Guiding, SharpCap and Firecapture are also natively supported. ASCOM drivers are also available for download at the above Link.

where you can also get regular driver updates. The installation process is very simple, and unlike with cheaper cameras, there is no need to waste time tweaking .DLL files to make your camera perform as expected.

Wide compatibility: Although the Hypercam is a USB3.0 camera, it is also fully compatible with USB2.0 ports when a longer cable and less speed are required, for example in deepsky or video astronomy using the live stacking features in AltairCapture or Sharpcap. Windows 7 to Windows 10 software is widely supported by AltairCapture in 64bit mode (see technical info for details).

Autoguiding: The camera has an ST4 auto-guiding port, and can be used to auto-guide with mounts from all the major manufacturers supporting ST4 format, including iOptron, Celestron and Skywatcher. The IMX224 is more than sensitive enough for autoguiding.

Fan cooling: The Hypercam is cooled with and internal low vibration fan. The fan can be switched on or off and the speed controlled in AltairCapture and SharpCap. Cool air is drawn in through the vents at the side of the casing, over a large internal heat-sink. The heat-sink is connected directly with the sensor board just like a computer CPU. The free flow of air through the casing cools not only the sensor, but all the internal electronics boards. Cooling is especially desirable for long exposure imaging to reduce thermal noise. Some camera casings get uncomfortably hot during a solar imaging session, and the sensor can reach around 60 or even 70 degrees. This can cause the electronics to become glitchy and unreliable. The Hypercam is designed for consistent, reliable solar imaging with a solar filter and diagonal or Hershel Wedge. With the fan running, the Hypercam casing will always remain cool.

Support & warranty: Altair delivers proper on-shore English-speaking UK/EU support with a 2 year manufacturer warranty against defects in materials and workmanship.

New users should visit Altair Camera Google Users Group

where you can get answers to technical questions. The group is also a great place to share tips and techniques, to get the best out of your camera. The AltairCapture software interface supports most European languages including English, German, French, Indonesian, Japanese, Korean, Polish, Russian, Chinese, Spanish, Thai, and Turkish.

File formats: The camera can be fully controlled in AltairCapture and SharpCap to output uncompressed .AVI and .SER video files for solar system imaging, as well as all common still image formats such as .JPEG .PNG .TIFF .BMP, and .FITS (for deepsky imaging) to mention just a few. The Hypercam supports 8bit or 12bit output. The 12 bit output mode can be used for deep sky imaging with less frames needing to be stacked and a wider pixel intensity range. The IMX224 sensor is extremely sensitive and a good candidate for video astronomy, especially with small refractors.

Whats different about the Hypercam platform compared to the GPCAM platform? Youll notice the Hypercam has a larger casing than the GPCAM and GPCAM2. This is to house larger electronics boards which support trigger mode and frame buffering, the additional electronics for USb3.0 support, and to house the fan-cooled large heat-sink.

The Hypercam platform: The Hypercam platform supports Trigger Mode to make long exposures of over 5 seconds easier to control. With most cameras, in normal video mode, you have to wait for an exposure to complete before the camera will accept, say a command to abort the frame, for say clouds, aircraft, or an alignment issue, like kicking the tripod and so-on, or for routine changes in gain, exposure time, , re-aligning or refocusing on the object. For long exposures, normal video mode is inconvenient, especially for video astronomy and deep-sky imaging, however in Trigger mode, you can stop the camera instantly (even if you are half way through a long 30 second exposure) change the settings, and re-start the camera looping again. The Hypercam also has an improved on-board frame buffer to improve data transfer stability at high frame rates (to reduce dropped frames) and to increase compatibility with a wider range of PCs. The improved buffers give a more consistent data transfer rate over USB2.0 and USB3.0 buses on laptops and desktop PCs.

Included in the box:
Camera body with internal cooling fan, heat-sink, and front female M42x0.75mm T-Thread interface.
1.8m High-speed USB3.0 cable.
1.5m ST4 guide cable.
1.25 inch x nosepiece with female 1.25" filter thread on the front. (an optional 2" OD Nosepiece is available)
CS-Mount insert (12.5mm back-focus) is pre-installed on camera. (Optional 5mm extension adapter available for C-Mount lenses requiring 17.5mm back-focus.)
Camera casing with M42 thread (12.5mm backfocus).
Built-in UV-IR Blocking Filter, AR coatings. (Removable for sensor cleaning).
Plastic dust cap 1.25".
Silicon dust cap for sensor.
Allen key for removing the C-Thread insert.
Note: This camera does not come with software in the box. To operate the camera you will need to download the latest camera drivers at cameras.altairastro.com (see Link above)

Technical Specs:

Sensor & performance specifications:
ALTAIRH178C: SONY Exmor R BSI IMX178 Color CMOS sensor
Sensor Size: 1/1.8" diagonal (8.92mm)
Exposure duration shortest/longest: 0.244 ms (0.000244 secs) / 5 secs (Video Mode)
0.244 ms (0.000244 secs) / 1000 secs (16.66mins) (Trigger Mode)
Bit depth: 8bit & 14bit mode switchable
Pixel size microns: 2.4x2.4 um
Resolution in pixels: 3040x2048
Recording System: Still Picture and Video
Region of Interest (ROI) support: Available
Approx. Max frame rates* (assuming computer Bus operating at full bandwidth):
8bit mode:
3040x2048 51FPS
640x480 191FPS ROI
320x240 264FPS ROI
14bit mode:
Approx 50% of above
* Based on average user reports. May be revised as we get more data. The shorter the exposure duration, the faster the frame rate. An expensive PC does not guarantee a fast frame rate because PC bus and main board architecture vary.

Sensor QE / Quantum Efficiency:
ALTAIRH178C: N/A
Gain Sensitivity:
ALTAIRH178C: 425mv;
Dynamic Range:
ALTAIRH178C: N/A
SNR Maximum:
ALTAIRH178C: N/A
Readout: Progressive Scan
Shutter: Electronic Rolling Shutter

Software & OS support:
Drivers & AltairCapture software download (Windows only): cameras.altairastro.com (opens new window).
Driver support: PHD2, AltairCapture, SharpCap, (Windows DirectShow)
AltairCapture OS support: Win XP 32bit / Vista/ 7/ 8/ 10 (32 & 64 bit)
SharpCap (a 3rd party application) is also fully supported and tested with native drivers.
Firecapture (a 3rd party application) is being tested with native drivers, see latest release.
USB Port & Cable: 3.0 USB Cable, 1.8m cable
ST4 Port & Cable: Standard ST4 Opto-Isolated, 1.5m cable, iOptron, Celestron, Skywatcher SynScan GOTO.

Camera Format:
Cooling: High Performance Electronic Fan-cooling System with Heat-sink
Camera body length: 80 mm
Weight grams: 320 g (camera net weight)
Optical window can be removed:
Mono Camera: AR-coated clear protect window 350-1050nm wavelength transmission
Colour Camera: AR-coated UV/IR blocking filter 400-700nm wavelength Transmission

Back-focus & Adapter compatibility:
Optical Window is removable for cleaning.
Camera body: OD 65mm
Camera body thread: M42x0.75 T2 Thread to CS -Mount insert allows direct attachment of CS-Mount lens (or C-Mount lens with optional 5mm extension).
C-mount lens adapter 5mm extension: Optional
C-mount lens compatibility: C-Mount male threaded lens with 17.5mm back-focus (or flange-distance) requirement.
CS-mount lens compatibility: C-Mount male threaded lens with 12.5mm back-focus (or flange-distance) requirement.
Astro filter thread adapter: Included, 1.25" OD and 2 OD (optional), Female thread
Sensor surface distance from flat end of CS-mount adapter: 12.5 mm
Sensor surface distance from flat end of 1.25" / M42 Astro adapter: 37 mm

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